Virginia Law on Careless Driving and Infliction of Injury
Under Va Law § 46.2-816.1, a person who operates a motor vehicle in a careless or distracted manner and becomes the proximate cause of serious physical injury to a vulnerable road user, can be found guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor and penalized by up to 12 months in jail and/or a $2500.00 fine.
§ 46.2-816.1. Careless driving and infliction of injury on vulnerable road users; penalty.
A. As used in this section, “vulnerable road user” means a pedestrian; the operator of or passenger on a bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, electric power-assisted bicycle, wheel chair or wheel chair conveyance, skateboard, roller skates, motorized skateboard or scooter, or animal-drawn vehicle or any attached device; or any person riding an animal.
B. It is a Class 1 misdemeanor to operate a motor vehicle in a careless or distracted manner such that the careless or distracted operation is the proximate cause of serious bodily injury as defined in § 18.2-51.4 to a vulnerable road user who is lawfully present on the highway at the time of injury.
C. A prosecution or proceeding under § 46.2-852 is a bar to a prosecution or proceeding under this section for the same act, and a prosecution or proceeding under this section is a bar to a prosecution or proceeding under § 46.2-852 for the same act.