Virginia Criminal Offenses Related to Protests, Unlawful Assembly & Riots
§ 18.2-404. Obstructing free passage of others.
§ 18.2-416. Punishment for using abusive language to another.
B. If any person who is not the owner of such property intentionally causes such injury, he is guilty of (i) a Class 1 misdemeanor if the value of or damage to the property, memorial, or monument is less than $1,000 or (ii) a Class 6 felony if the value of or damage to the property, memorial, or monument is $1,000 or more. The amount of loss caused by the destruction, defacing, damage, or removal of such property, memorial, or monument may be established by proof of the fair market cost of repair or fair market replacement value. Upon conviction, the court may order that the defendant pay restitution.
§ 18.2-415. Disorderly conduct in public places.
C. The person in charge of any such building, place, conveyance, meeting, operation, or activity may eject therefrom any person who violates any provision of this section, with the aid, if necessary, of any persons who may be called upon for such purpose.
D. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any elementary or secondary school student if the disorderly conduct occurred on the property of any elementary or secondary school, on a school bus as defined in § 46.2-100, or at any activity conducted or sponsored by any elementary or secondary school.
E. The governing bodies of counties, cities, and towns are authorized to adopt ordinances prohibiting and punishing the acts and conduct prohibited by this section, provided that the punishment fixed therefor shall not exceed that prescribed for a Class 1 misdemeanor. A person violating any provision of this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
§ 18.2-407. Remaining at place of riot or unlawful assembly after warning to disperse.
§ 18.2-419. Picketing or disrupting tranquility of home.
§ 18.2-83. Threats to bomb or damage buildings or means of transportation; false information as to danger to such buildings, etc.; punishment; venue.
§ 18.2-414.2. Crossing established police lines, perimeters or barricades.
§ 18.2-406. What constitutes an unlawful assembly; punishment.
§ 18.2-413. Commission of certain offenses in county, city or town declared by Governor to be in state of riot or insurrection.
§ 18.2-414. Injury to property or persons by persons unlawfully or riotously assembled.
§ 18.2-408. Conspiracy; incitement, etc., to riot.
§ 18.2-485. Conspiring to incite one race to insurrection against another race.
§ 18.2-409. Resisting or obstructing execution of legal process.
§ 18.2-460. Obstructing justice; resisting arrest; fleeing from a law-enforcement officer; penalties.
E. Any person who intentionally prevents or attempts to prevent a law-enforcement officer from lawfully arresting him, with or without a warrant, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. For purposes of this subsection, intentionally preventing or attempting to prevent a lawful arrest means fleeing from a law-enforcement officer when (i) the officer applies physical force to the person, or (ii) the officer communicates to the person that he is under arrest and (a) the officer has the legal authority and the immediate physical ability to place the person under arrest, and (b) a reasonable person who receives such communication knows or should know that he is not free to leave.
§ 18.2-414.1. Obstructing emergency medical services agency personnel in performance of mission; penalty.
§ 18.2-405. What constitutes a riot; punishment.
§ 18.2-417. Slander and libel.
§ 18.2-422. Prohibition of wearing of masks in certain places; exceptions.
§ 18.2-57.01. Pointing laser at law-enforcement officer unlawful; penalty.
§ 18.2-423.01. Burning object on property of another or a highway or other public place with intent to intimidate; penalty.
§ 18.2-433.2. Paramilitary activity prohibited; penalty.
3. Violates subsection A of § 18.2-282 while assembled with one or more persons for the purpose of and with the intent to intimidate any person or group of persons.
§ 18.2-483. Attempting, or instigating others, to establish usurped government.
§ 18.2-484. Advocacy of change in government by force, violence or other unlawful means.
Nothing herein shall be construed to limit or prohibit the advocacy, orally or otherwise, of any change, by peaceful means, in the government of the Commonwealth or any of its subdivisions or in the government of the United States.
§ 18.2-120. Instigating, etc., such trespass by others; preventing service to persons not forbidden to trespass.
§ 18.2-23. Conspiring to trespass or commit larceny.
§ 18.2-119. Trespass after having been forbidden to do so; penalties.
If any person without authority of law goes upon or remains upon the lands, buildings or premises of another, or any portion or area thereof, after having been forbidden to do so, either orally or in writing, by the owner, lessee, custodian, or the agent of any such person, or other person lawfully in charge thereof, or after having been forbidden to do so by a sign or signs posted by or at the direction of such persons or the agent of any such person or by the holder of any easement or other right-of-way authorized by the instrument creating such interest to post such signs on such lands, structures, premises or portion or area thereof at a place or places where it or they may be reasonably seen, or if any person, whether he is the owner, tenant or otherwise entitled to the use of such land, building or premises, goes upon, or remains upon such land, building or premises after having been prohibited from doing so by a court of competent jurisdiction by an order issued pursuant to §§ 16.1-253, 16.1-253.1, 16.1-253.4, 16.1-278.2 through 16.1-278.6, 16.1-278.8, 16.1-278.14, 16.1-278.15, 16.1-279.1, 19.2-152.8, 19.2-152.9 or § 19.2-152.10 or an ex parte order issued pursuant to § 20-103, and after having been served with such order, he shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. This section shall not be construed to affect in any way the provisions of §§ 18.2-132 through 18.2-136.
§ 18.2-312. Illegal use of tear gas, phosgene and other gases.
§ 18.2-42.1. Acts of violence by mob.
§ 18.2-42. Assault or battery by mob.
B. However, if a person intentionally selects the person against whom an assault and battery resulting in bodily injury is committed because of his race, religious conviction, gender, disability, gender identity, sexual orientation, color, or national origin, the person is guilty of a Class 6 felony, and the penalty upon conviction shall include a term of confinement of at least six months.